UVEITIS

Uveitis is inflammation of the uvea — the middle layer of the eye that consists of the iris, ciliary body and choroid. There are 3 types of uveitis. They are based on which part of the uvea is affected.

  • Swelling of the uvea near the front of the eye is called anterior uveitis. It starts suddenly and symptoms can last up to 8 weeks. Some forms of anterior uveitis are ongoing, while others go away but keep coming back.

  • Swelling of the uvea in the middle of the eye is called intermediate uveitis. Symptoms can last for a few weeks to many years. This form can go through cycles of getting better, then getting worse.

  • Swelling of the uvea toward the back of the eye is called posterior uveitis. Symptoms can develop gradually and last for many years.

What are the causes of Uveitis?

  • infections such as shingles virus, herpes simplex virus, syphilis, Lyme disease, and parasites such as toxoplasmosis.

  • a systemic inflammatory disease such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBS), rheumatoid arthritis or lupus

  • injury to the eye

Signs & Symptoms

Uveitis can develop suddenly. Symptoms can include:

  • having a red eye with or without pain

  • being very sensitive to bright light

  • having blurry vision

  • seeing “floaters” (specks or moving clouds in your vision) all of a sudden

Contact your ophthalmologist right away if you notice any of these symptoms.

Diagnosis Of Uveitis

Your ophthalmologist will examine the inside of your eye:

Fundus Photography used to capture an image of the inner eye. A Consultant Ophthalmologist will check the captured image to provide an accurate diagnosis

Since uveitis is often connected with other diseases or conditions, some tests may be needed. They may include:

a physical exam

  • blood or skin tests

  • examination of eye fluids

  • imaging tests, such as X-rays

  • the ophthalmologist may ask about other diseases or health problems you have had.

Treatment Options

Uveitis must be treated right away by an eye specialist to prevent lasting problems. Uveitis is treated depending on the type of Uveitis and the condition of individual. The most common treatments for Uveitis are:

  • Eye drops (to dilate the pupil to prevent muscle spasms in the iris and ciliary body).

  • Medication or eye drops (that contain steroids to reduce inflammation)

  • Sometimes injection or oral medication may need to be given

  • Your Ophthalmologist may also work with a rheumatologist to help treat you.

The beauty of a woman must be seen from in her eyes, because that is the doorway to her heart, the place where love resides.

                                                                                                                                                                                     - Audrey Hepburn -

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