A Boy

Squint /Strabismus

What is Strabismus?
Also known as a squint, strabismus is the condition in which the eyes do not point in the same direction. The condition may be present all the time, or only occur intermittently.

If a squint develops, it is important to find the cause and to treat the underlying cause. In children, it is very important to get treated as soon as possible because squint can affect the development of vision permanently. As their brain is still developing, it can turn off vision in the affected eye, and if left untreated, may result in the brain permanently turning off vision. If an adult develops squint they can get double vision because each eye is seeing a different picture.

 

What are the causes of Strabismus?
Some factors for strabismus include:

  • Family history of strabismus

  • Refractive errors (the child may have difficulty focusing the eyes)

    • Short-sightedness

    • Long sightedness

    • Astigmatism

  • Born prematurely, or with low weight at birth

 

What is the signs and symptoms of Strabismus?

  • Eyes are not looking at the same direction.

  • Lose of depth perception

  • Tilting the head to one side

  • Double vision (adults)

 

How to diagnose Strabismus?
Strabismus can be diagnosed through an orthoptic assessment, a series of tests which are used to determine a person’s ability to use the eyes as a pair (binocular vision)

 

How to treat Strabismus?
Strabismus is treated depending on root cause, with more than one type of treatment or combination treatments for best vision results. Treatments require regular visits for eye examination to modify treatment depending on the progress of condition. Some most common ways to correct this condition are:

  • Glasses (A prescribed glasses to give clear vision)

  • Eye Exercises (can be useful to strengthen the ability of the eyes to work together. This is usually helpful in older children and is commonly used together with glasses and/or surgery.)

  • Surgery (corrects the alignment of both eyes. Children may still need to wear glasses after the surgery.

 

Compliance

  • Follow the treatment plan as advised by an eye specialist.

  • Regularly follow up with the orthoptist and ophthalmologist